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Onsite Practical at Head Office Solar Power plant
solar, are ideal for meeting Africa’s electrical power needs
The current energy mix in Africa is based mostly on burning coal, oil, and traditional biomass (wood, charcoal, dry dung fuel). This reflects the energy resources of the continent, but also the use of technologies of the past. While this energy mix is comparatively cheap, it is insufficient to meet current needs, and negative effects on the environment are left unaddressed.
The right energy mix will allow Africa to develop rapidly while respecting the emission levels required under the 2015 Paris Agreement. Prices for renewable energy have fallen substantially in the past few years, especially for solar power, whose cost decreased 77 percent between 2010 and 2018. African governments can generate significant revenue by reducing the inefficiency caused by fossil fuel subsidies, African governments can potentially mobilize more of their domestic resources to cover the initial capital costs of renewable energy.
Southern Tunisia is the ideal location for solar energy generation and has an average solar radiation potential of 1800-2600 m2 per year. The country has a target of generating 30% of its electricity from renewable energy sources by 2030 and solar energy plays an important role in this plan.
Algeria has excellent solar resources of over 2,000 kWh/m2/yr direct sunlight. Ministry is targeting the installation of 22 GW of renewable energy by 2030, of which 4.5 GW would be connected by 2020.
Egypt lies within the Sun Belt area, where DNI ranges between 2,000 kWh/m2/yr in the north and 3,200 kWh/m2/yr in the south.
India needs to explore more avenues to advance its engagement with the African region. Amid the global turn towards sustainable and green solutions to combat and mitigate climate change impacts, India and Africa can consider partnering on emerging related issues, particularly energy security.